GLUT1 and GLUT8 support lactose synthesis in Golgi of murine mammary epithelial cells
Parra Valencia, Esteban
Del Pozo, Reginald
Rivas, Coralia I.
Vera, Juan Carlos
Mardones Leiva, Lorena
PublisherJournal of Physiology and Biochemistry
DescriptionArtículo de publicación scopus
MetadataShow full item record
The mammary gland increases energy requirements during pregnancy and lactation to support epithelial proliferation and milk nutrients synthesis. Lactose, the principal carbohydrate of the milk, is synthetized in the Golgi of mammary epithelial cells by lactose synthase from glucose and UPD galactose. We studied the temporal changes in the expression of GLUT1 and GLUT8 in mammary gland and their association with lactose synthesis and proliferation in BALB/c mice. Six groups were used: virgin, pregnant at 2 and 17 days, lactating at 2 and 10 days, and weaning at 2 days. Temporal expression of GLUT1 and GLUT8 transporters by qPCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry, and its association with lactalbumin, Ki67, and cytokeratin 18 within mammary tissue was studied, along with subcellular localization. GLUT1 and GLUT8 transporters increased their expression during mammary gland progression, reaching 20-fold increasing in GLUT1 mRNA at lactation (p < 0.05) and 2-fold at protein level for GLUT1 and GLUT8 (p < 0.05 and 0.01, respectively). The temporal expression pattern was shared with cytokeratin 18 and Ki67 (p < 0.01). Endogenous GLUT8 partially co-localized with 58 K protein and α-lactalbumin in mammary tissue and with Golgi membrane–associated protein 130 in isolated epithelial cells. The spatial-temporal synchrony between expression of GLUT8/GLUT1 and alveolar cell proliferation, and its localization in cis-Golgi associated to lactose synthase complex, suggest that both transporters are involved in glucose uptake into this organelle, supporting lactose synthesis.