Computational study of the binding mode, action mechanism and potency of pregabalin through molecular docking and quantum mechanical descriptors
Cuesta Hoyos, Sebastián
Salgado Morán, Guillermo
Muñoz C., Patricio
Gerli Candia, Lorena
Mendoza Huizar, Luis H.
DescriptionArtículo de publicación ISI
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In the present study, we performed a computational study to gain insights on the binding mode and high affinity of pregabalin, its inactive isomer (R-pregabalin) and gabapentin when modulating voltage-gated calcium channels. Quantum chemical descriptors were evaluated at two different levels of theory (ωB97XD and B3LYP-D3) for the three molecules. The results show that the three ligands have similar quantum chemical descriptors, suggesting that the affinity is governed by the binding pose and the ability to access the pocket. The binding mode analysis of pregabalin indicates that it is interacting with 12 residues (6 hydrogen bonds) including Arg217, which is key to pregabalin action mechanism. Our results suggest that the electrostatic interactions and the hydrogen bonds between pregabalin and Arg217 could explain its high affinity, highlighting the importance of Arg217 in the pharmacological action.