Malnutrición por Exceso y Riesgo Cardiometabólico en Escolares de Segundo y Tercero Medio de la Comuna de Lota de Chile.
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Adolescent overweight is a widespread problem which increases the risk of developing metabolic diseases. The objective of this study was to associate metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk in a school in the district of Lota. A cross-sectional study with simple random probability sampling in 286 children, 14 and 18 years was taken. Prevalence of malnutrition was established, and Pearson correlation was performed. The correlations were: weight and height, 0.55; weight and waist circumference 0.87; weight and body mass index 0.86; height and waist circumference 0.39; height and body mass index 0.047; body mass index and waist circumference 0.80. The presence of the metabolic syndrome conditions the presence of nutritional diseases, meaning that anthropometric indicators may be suitable for identifying the presence of cardiometabolic risk in adolescents.