Effect of the level of effort during resistance training on intraocular pressure
De Moraes, Carlos Gustavo
García Ramos, Amador
DescriptionArtículo de publicación SCOPUS
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Background: We aimed to evaluate the influence of the level of effort during four basic resistance exercises leading to muscular failure on intraocular pressure (IOP) and ocular perfusion (OPP), as well as the role of exercise type and sex. Methods: Twenty-five young adults (12 women) performed 10 repetitions against their 10-RM (repetition maximum) load in the squat, military press, biceps curl and calf raise exercises. IOP was measured before, during and after exercise, whereas OPP was indirectly assessed before and after each exercise. Results: There was a progressive IOP rise during exercise (p < 0.001, η² = 0.531), which was dependent on exercise type (p = 0.020, η² = 0.125). The squat exercise induced higher IOP increments in comparison to the other exercises (corrected p-values < 0.001), and higher IOP values were found for the military press and biceps curl than for the calf raise exercise (corrected p-values = 0.012 and 0.002). OPP exhibited a significant reduction when leading to muscular failure (p = 0.001, η² = 0.364), being statistically significant for the squat and military press exercises (corrected p-values = 0.037 and 0.047). No effect of sex was found for IOP and OPP (p > 0.05). Conclusions: A single set of resistance training leading to muscular failure causes an instantaneous and progressive IOP rise in healthy young individuals. These IOP rises depend on exercise type (squat > military press = biceps curl > calf raise), but not on participant´s sex. OPP diminished as a consequence of performing resistance training exercise, being statistically significant for the squat and military press exercises. Future studies should include glaucoma patients aiming to corroborate the generalizability of our findings.